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The Wall Street Journal: Russia Switches Focus to Exxon In Crackdown on Sakhalin Costs

September 22, 2006; Page A6

Russia appeared to switch the focus of its attack on huge foreign-led projects to the Exxon Mobil Corp.-led Sakhalin I oil project, saying it would likely forbid a $4.2 billion cost overrun since that would cut Moscow’s profit from the venture.

Moscow has already taken aim at Royal Dutch Shell PLC’s massively overbudget Sakhalin II project, which it ordered partly halted for environmental infringements, prompting criticism from Japan and the European Union.

The moves against Shell and Exxon are widely seen as part of a broader campaign by the Kremlin to tighten its grip on the energy sector, a drive expected to speed up before Vladimir Putin’s presidency is due to end in March 2008. Analysts have said Russia is trying to force foreign oil majors to give up part or all of their advantageous production-sharing agreements, negotiated when global oil prices were lower.

“If costs continue to rise without control, Russia will be left with only 6% of royalties, while all profit oil will go to repaying costs,” Sergei Fyodorov, head of geological and subsoil use policies at the Ministry of Natural Resources, said of the Exxon and Shell projects on the Pacific island of Sakhalin. Mr. Fyodorov said the ministry had been informed on a preliminary basis that Exxon’s costs could rise to $17 billion from $12.8 billion but had seen no final documents.

Exxon said the increase is due mainly to inflation and currency moves. Exxon officials couldn’t be reached for comment.

This follows a doubling of costs at Shell’s Sakhalin II project to $20 billion, which Russia has strongly opposed. The ministry this week revoked an ecological permit from Shell, and the company said that would severely damage the project.

“The consequences of this revocation could be suspension of the operation that would lead to significant delay of the project, extra costs and irreparable damage to the reputation of this venture…and the Russian Federation as a whole for failure to deliver gas to buyers,” Sakhalin Energy Ltd., the project operator, said yesterday. Sakhalin Energy is 55% owned by Shell. and its sister non-profit websites,,,,,, and are owned by John Donovan. There is also a Wikipedia feature.

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